Even though health experts are constantly sharing diabetes information, there are still many people who do not understand this condition. Diabetes is an illness that is characterized by prolonged periods of high blood sugar. There are three types: type 1, type 2 and gestational. Type 1 diabetes affects anywhere from 5-10% of the diabetics and it occurs when the body cannot produce insulin. Type 2 diabetes is the most common, affecting about 90-95% of diabetics.
It occurs when the body can produce insulin, but the cells cannot respond to it. Gestational diabetes is a condition that causes high blood sugar during pregnancy. It usually resolves itself when the mother delivers her baby, but it also puts her at an increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes later in life. Approximately 8% of mothers will suffer from gestational diabetes during pregnancy.
Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosis in young people under the age of 15. Doctors believe that it is linked to a genetic defect, so there is nothing that can be done to prevent it. Type 2 diabetes usually develops in people who are over the age of 40, but people are being diagnosed with it at younger ages. This condition is strongly correlated with being overweight. In fact, health researchers have found that over 80% of people with type 2 diabetes are overweight.
Pregnancy changes everything about a woman’s body and that includes the way sugar is processed. The hormonal fluctuations that occur due to the growing baby can make it harder for the cells to response to insulin. Doctors and midwives check all women for gestational diabetes during the 24th or 28th week of pregnancy.
Many people ignore the diabetes symptoms because they can seem very mild at first. Some of the diabetes signs that can occur in a type 1 diabetic include: weight loss, excessive thirst, increased appetite and nausea. Fatigue, increased appetite and increased thirst are likely to occur in type 2 diabetics. Many women with gestational diabetes do not have any symptoms, but they may experience increased thirst.
Much focus has been placed on prevention and diabetes treatment. Since Type 1 diabetes is caused by a genetic disorder, it is hard to prevent. Type 2 diabetes can be prevented by exercising and maintaining a healthy body weight. Mothers who eat well-balanced diets, exercise and see their doctor or midwife regularly are less likely to develop gestational diabetes.
Diabetes can lead to a-lot of complications, but fortunately people who take care of themselves can lead long and healthy lives. Type 1 diabetics have to take insulin because their bodies cannot produce it. Type 2 diabetics may or may not have take insulin, but they usually have to take medication to control their blood sugar.
Both type 1 and 2 diabetics need to make sure that they watch their intake of sugar and eat as much fresh food as possible. Studies have also shown that exercise helps improve insulin sensitivity in diabetics, but it is wise to consult with a doctor before beginning an exercise program. Most women with gestational diabetes can control it with diet, exercise and checking in with their doctor on a regular basis. All diabetic can benefit from monitoring their blood sugar on a regular basis.
Diabetes has been studied for many years, but it still is hard to fully understand. The good news is that this condition can be treated and prevented.