Basic Facts About ADD
Attention deficit disorder (ADD) is more commonly known these days as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). There are different forms of the disorder that share common elements but differ in the tendencies of the sufferers. Some people with the condition display hyperactivity and/or impulsiveness whereas others display inattentiveness.
The symptoms in childhood involve the inability to concentrate on schoolwork, fidgeting, and an inability to pay attention, but this condition is not limited to children. Many of these symptom persist into adulthood with the only difference being that adults may be better able to cope with or disguise the symptoms. Even controlled and hidden the symptoms may still have other effects in the life of the person with ADD. Adult ADD sufferers may have secondary conditions like anxiety and mood disorders, therefore it is important to diagnose and treat the problems while the ADD (AKA ADHD) sufferer is still a child.
While ADD information is limited when it comes to the exact origin of the disorder researchers have made a few discoveries: it is hereditary. It is believed that the vast majority of cases have been passed down from parents. The origins of the condition within the brain may have to do with malfunctioning neurotransmitters.
It is thought that alcohol and tobacco use by a mother while pregnant may have an impact on whether or not the unborn child will have ADD.
Additional ADD symptoms
The tendency to procrastinate especially when tasks involve concentration.
Difficulty finishing tasks that have been started.
Disorganized living or work space.
Much like autism, ADD sufferers can have a hard time reading social cues and forming relationships.
Hyperactivity and inattentiveness
There are two sub-types of attention deficit disorder. While some people with ADD signs display a greater degree of inattentiveness some display a greater degree of hyperactivity. In the predominantly hyperactive type, the person with the condition often appears to be driven and seem to have difficulty keeping still. Daydreaming is an issue for those with the inattentive type, they have trouble paying attention.
One problem that occurs is that the symptoms of the condition are mistaken for something else. A child maybe seen as willful or defiant, an adult may be seen as complacent or indifferent. These things are often the result of the difficulty of focusing that comes with ADD. Because the condition occurs across all IQ levels, it can hide above average intelligence in gifted children, this is yet another reason for it to be diagnosed as early in life as possible. Poor performance in school due to undiagnosed ADD can lower a child’s self-esteem and limit their prospects in life. It is often mistaken for other conditions like dyslexia. There are no tests for ADD beyond rating the sufferer against a list of known symptoms. The symptoms must appear to such an extent that they hinder a person’s ability to function at the basic life tasks involved in work or learning.
Treatments for ADD
Chemical treatments for attention deficit disorder tend to fall into one of two categories, stimulants like Adderall and Ritalin, and non-stimulants like Zoloft and Prozac. Antidepressants are useful in dealing with the effects of ADD and ADD treatment, Counseling is also effective in treating ADD. It should be noted that any drug used to treat the disorder will have a list of side effects.
The effects of ADD
More than a third of ADD sufferers fail to graduate from high school. Less than 5% of them ever get a college degree. This shows the difficulty of overcoming the condition. They also have higher rates of teen pregnancy and auto crashes.